Melasma is a common skin condition in adults where brown or dark patches of pigmentation develop. Usually on the face, but can appear on areas of the body exposed to sunlight, including the neck, shoulders, hands and forearms
Melasma is harmless but can cause distress and impact the quality of life of those who suffer from it. 10%of all cases occur in men. Women with darker skin tones and who are pregnant are at a greater risk of developing Melasma. It occurs when the melanocytes (cells that make melanin) overproduce and cause pigmentation.
Triggers can be hormonal, inappropriate skincare products, sun exposure, birth control pills and can also be genetic.
Chloasma (melasma) during pregnancy will usually disappear after the birth of a baby. Treatments that can help melasma are chemical peels and Topical products such as hydroquinone which must be prescribed by a dermatologist or GP. Since this condition is chronic and does not currently have a cure, that means you may experience melasma flare-ups throughout your life. Fortunately, melasma can be lightened and managed, and long-term results can be maintained with diligent treatments and sun protective measures.
Dermalux LED InfraRed and Red phototherapy can help to adjust melanin synthesis to regulate excess melanin production. Stimulation of cell metabolism will break down pigmentation over a course of treatments. Daily SPF application is essential to help in treatment progress. Microneedling can also help treat melasma as it causes skin cells to regenerate. This regeneration can disperse clusters of melanin therefore lightening dark patches.
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